Hardwood Species

Our reclaimed timbers cover a wide range of the most durable hardwoods available, from Australia and around the world. The quality and durability of these recycled hardwoods only improves, as dry timbers are not only environmentally sustainable, but also offer superior hardness as compared to green timbers.


Brush Box.

Native to New South Wales and Queensland, Brush Box trees tend to be found on the edge of rainforests. The wood coloring ranges from rich reddish browns to lighter browns and pinkish grays, but what distinguishes Brush Box timber is its characteristic interlocking grain, which features well in flooring. Availability of Brush Box is limited, especially outside of its native states.

Sample table:
Queensland Bridges – ‘weathered’ (coming soon)


Native to western Australian, this eucalyptus tree grows up to 40 m / 130 ft high and 3 m / 10 ft in diameter. The durability, strength, and versatility of this hardwood has made it an ideal timber through the years for a variety of uses; everything from demanding outdoor uses such as bridge construction and railway sleepers, to flooring and decorative furniture. Distinctive dark red to reddish brown in color, the wood has a tight grain and coarse texture that finishes beautifully. The supply of jarrah is very limited, with the old growth and native regrowth forests highly protected, and recycled sources increasingly scarce.

Sample flooring:
Princes Pier – smoky cabernet

Ironbark, Grey.

Native to eastern Australia, this eucalyptus tree is renowned as one of the hardest Australian timbers. Named after the thick, hard bark that accumulates on the tree, the name could easily apply to the timber itself which is the ‘ironwood’ of the Eucalyptus family, at 1120 kilograms per cubic meter. The trees often grow to 30 m / 100 ft and 2 m / 6 ft in diameter. The heartwood ranges in color, from grey / light brown to darker browns and reds the sometimes occur. Regional variations also see dark streaks running through the timber.

Sample flooring:
Queensland Bridges – ‘raw umber’ (coming soon)

Ironbark, Red.

Similar to the grey, Red Ironbark is native to eastern Australia, extending from Victoria through New South Wales and into Queensland. True to its name, Red Ironbark is highly durable and has been a preferred structural timber in Australia for over 200 years. Red Ironbark is distinct in its deep dark red to red brown coloring, with a relatively fine texture and interlocked grain.

Sample flooring:
Queensland Bridges – burnt sienna


Native to southwestern Australia, these trees are found in areas with high rainfall and grow up to 90m / 300 ft high. This eucalyptus tree is one of the world’s tallest species and has a beautiful mahogany color. Only slightly lighter in color than Jarrah, it offers reddish browns to pale pink hues, and can most easily be distinguished from Jarrah by the white ash it makes when burned.

Sample flooring:
Princes Pier – smoky cabernet

Red Box.

Native to New South Wales and Victoria, this medium sized eucalyptus tree grows to between 7 and 25 m / 20 and 85 ft. Noted for its crooked, sometimes contorted trunk and limbs, Red Box trees are often planted along streets and in parks. The timber is red (of course) and very hard and durable.

Sample collection:
Forgotten Kelly Timbers

River Red Gum.

A proven hardwood throughout Australia’s history, this iconic eucalyptus hardwood variety was used as ‘timber street paving’ throughout Sydney in the late 1800s, and in bridges and piers throughout Australia. Consistent with its name, it is commonly found along rivers and offers a distinctively red to reddish brown color. The texture is slightly coarse, with interlocked gum veins a common feature.

Sample flooring:
Forgotten Kelly – ‘western grey’

Stringybark / Messmate.

Native to eastern Australia, Stringybark is known in the Eucalyptus family for its thick, fibrous bark. Trees typically range in height from 10 – 40 m / 30 – 130 ft, however certain species, especially Messmate Stringybark, can reach over 80 m / 260 ft in height and 3 m / 10 ft in diameter. Messmate Stringybark, most popular in Tasmania and Victoria, offers light brown wood and a fairly even texture, with straight grains that are occasionally interlocked as well as well-defined rings and gum veins.

Sample flooring:
Barwon Heads Bridge – ‘raw umber’

Yellow Box.

This medium or sometimes tall eucalyptus tree is native to Victoria, New South Wales and south-central Queensland. Its strength and resistance to decay make it ideal for posts, poles and bridges. The timber is a pale-brown color, and very dense.

Sample collection:
Forgotten Kelly Timbers



See Wood Solutions, an industry initiative offering detailed information on all Australian hardwoods


Chinese Elm.

Native to China, Japan, North Korea and Vietnam, this deciduous tree can grow up to 18m / 60ft tall and is considered the hardest of the elms. Its resistance to cracking and splitting makes it the timber of choice for high-stress uses like chisel handles and long bows. Chinese Elm ranges from reddish brown to light tan, with an often dramatic interlocking grain.

Sample flooring:
Chinese Doors – ‘original doors’

European Oak.

A keystone species in a variety of habitats, this deciduous tree grows up to 30m / 100ft high and 2.8m / 9.5ft in diameter. Its great strength and resistance to insects and fungi made it the choice for ship-building in Europe for centuries. European Oak was also used for interior paneling and furniture, because of its light color and attractive grain.

Sample flooring:
Venetian Lagoon – ‘caramel espresso’


Common to the monsoon forests of India, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, and long established in plantations throughout Indonesia and elsewhere in the world, teak is known for its above ground durability and is extensively used in boat building. It is typically golden brown in color, although grey and red tinges can occur. Most notably, despite a relatively straight grain, the high degree of ring porosity leads to streaks and uneven textures as well as variable colors that add beautiful character to the timber.

Sample flooring:
Indonesian Boats – ‘painted boats’